Here are some names of Muslim scientists:

Astronomers and Astrophysicists
Main article: List of Muslim astronomers
Further information: Islamic astronomy
Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
Jafar al-Sadiq
Yaqūb ibn Tāriq
Ibrahim al-Fazari
Muhammad al-Fazari
Naubakht
Al-Khwarizmi, also a mathematician
Ja'far ibn Muhammad Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi (Albumasar)
Al-Farghani
Banū Mūsā (Ben Mousa)
Ja'far Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
Ahmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
Al-Hasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
Thābit ibn Qurra (Thebit)
Sinan ibn Thabit
Ibrahim ibn Sinan
Al-Majriti
Muhammad ibn Jābir al-Harrānī al-Battānī (Albatenius)
Al-Farabi (Abunaser)
Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi
Abu Sa'id Gorgani
Kushyar ibn Labban
Abū Ja'far al-Khāzin
Al-Mahani
Al-Marwazi
Al-Nayrizi
Al-Saghani
Al-Farghani
Abu Nasr Mansur
Abū Sahl al-Qūhī (Kuhi)
Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi
Abū al-Wafā' al-Būzjānī
Ibn Yunus
Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen)
Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
Avicenna
Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī (Arzachel)
Omar Khayyám
Al-Khazini
Ibn Bajjah (Avempace)
Ibn Tufail (Abubacer)
Nur Ed-Din Al Betrugi (Alpetragius)
Averroes
Al-Jazari
Sharaf al-Dīn al-Tūsī
Anvari
Mo'ayyeduddin Urdi
Nasir al-Din Tusi
Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
Ibn al-Shatir
Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī
Jamshīd al-Kāshī
Ulugh Beg, also a mathematician
Taqi al-Din, Ottoman astronomer
Ahmad Nahavandi
Haly Abenragel
Abolfadl Harawi
Kerim Kerimov, a founder of Soviet space program, a lead architect behind first human spaceflight (Vostok 1), and the lead architect of the first space stations (Salyut and Mir)[1][2]
Farouk El-Baz, a NASA scientist involved in the first Moon landings with the Apollo program[3]
Abdul Kalam
Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Muhammed Faris
Abdul Ahad Mohmand
Talgat Musabayev
Anousheh Ansari
Amir Ansari
Essam Heggy, a planetary scientist involved in the NASA Mars Exploration Program[4]
Ahmed Salem
Mohamed Sultan
Shadia Habbal specialist in sun physics.
Sultana Nurun Nahar specialist in atomic astrophysics and spectroscopy.
Ahmed Noor[5]
[removed due to inaccuracy/unverifiable fact]
Arif Babul, Distinguished Professor and Director, Canadian Computational Cosmology Collaboration, Dept of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria - an Astrophysiscist involved in research pertaining to Formation and Evolution of Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies... [6]; Also See interview at [7]


Chemists and Alchemists
Further information: Alchemy (Islam)
Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
Jafar al-Sadiq
Jabir Ibn Hayyan (Geber), father of chemistry[8][9][10]
Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman)
Al-Kindi (Alkindus)
Al-Majriti
Ibn Miskawayh
Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
Avicenna
Al-Khazini
Nasir al-Din Tusi
Hasan al-Rammah
Ibn Khaldun
Sake Dean Mahomet
Salimuzzaman Siddiqui
Al-Khwārizmī Father of Al-Gabra, (Mathematics)
Ahmed H. Zewail, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1999[11]
Ali Eftekhari


Economists and Social Scientists
Further information: Islamic sociology, Early Muslim sociology, and Islamic economics in the world
See also: List of Muslim historians and Historiography of early Islam
Abu Hanifa an-Nu‘man (699-767), economist
Abu Yusuf (731-798), economist
Ishaq bin Ali al-Rahwi (854–931), economist
Al-Farabi (Alpharabius) (873–950), economist
Al-Saghani (d. 990), one of the earliest historians of science[12]
Shams al-Mo'ali Abol-hasan Ghaboos ibn Wushmgir (Qabus) (d. 1012), economist
Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī (973-1048), considered the "first anthropologist"[13] and father of Indology[14]
Ibn Sina (Avicenna) (980–1037), economist
Ibn Miskawayh (b. 1030), economist
Al-Ghazali (Algazel) (1058–1111), economist
Al-Mawardi (1075–1158), economist
Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī (Tusi) (1201-1274), economist
Ibn al-Nafis (1213-1288), sociologist
Ibn Taymiyyah (1263–1328), economist
Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406), forerunner of social sciences[15] such as demography,[16] cultural history,[17] historiography,[18] philosophy of history,[19] sociology[16][19] and economics[20][21]
Al-Maqrizi (1364-1442), economist
Akhtar Hameed Khan, Pakistani social scientist; pioneer of microcredit
Mahbub ul Haq, Pakistani economist; developer of Human Development Index and founder of Human Development Report[22][23]
Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi economist; successful user of microcredit and microfinance[24][25]
(Abdullahi Anshur Jimale)British Ctizen origin Somali,economist;successful user of Computer Accountance & Payroll


Geographers and Earth Scientists
Further information: Muslim Agricultural Revolution

Al-Masudi, the "Herodotus of the Arabs", and pioneer of historical geography[26]
Al-Kindi, pioneer of environmental science[27]
Qusta ibn Luqa
Ibn Al-Jazzar
Al-Tamimi
Al-Masihi
Avicenna
Ali ibn Ridwan
Muhammad al-Idrisi, also a cartographer
Ahmad ibn Fadlan
Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, father of geodesy,[13][16] considered the first geologist and "first anthropologist"[13]
Avicenna
Ibn Jumay
Abd-el-latif
Averroes
Ibn al-Nafis
Ibn al-Quff
Ibn Battuta
Ibn Khaldun
Piri Reis
Evliya Çelebi
Zaghloul El-Naggar
Abdullahi Anshur Jimale


Mathematicians
Further information: Islamic mathematics: Biographies
Al-Hajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn Matar
Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (Algorismi) - father of algebra[28] and algorithms[29]
'Abd al-Hamīd ibn Turk
Abū al-Hasan ibn Alī al-Qalasādī (1412-1482), pioneer of symbolic algebra[30]
Abū Kāmil Shujā ibn Aslam
Al-Abbās ibn Said al-Jawharī
Al-Kindi (Alkindus)
Banū Mūsā (Ben Mousa)
Ja'far Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
Al-Hasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
Al-Mahani
Ahmed ibn Yusuf
Thābit ibn Qurra (Thebit)
Sinan ibn Thabit
Ibrahim ibn Sinan
Al-Majriti
Muhammad ibn Jābir al-Harrānī al-Battānī (Albatenius)
Al-Farabi (Abunaser)
Al-Khalili
Al-Nayrizi
Abū Ja'far al-Khāzin
Brethren of Purity
Abu'l-Hasan al-Uqlidisi
Al-Saghani
Abū Sahl al-Qūhī
Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi
Abū al-Wafā' al-Būzjānī
Ibn Sahl
Al-Sijzi
Ibn Yunus
Abu Nasr Mansur
Kushyar ibn Labban
Al-Karaji
Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen/Alhazen)
Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
Ibn Tahir al-Baghdadi
Al-Nasawi
Al-Jayyani
Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī (Arzachel)
Al-Mu'taman ibn Hud
Omar Khayyám
Al-Khazini
Ibn Bajjah (Avempace)
Al-Ghazali (Algazel)
Al-Marrakushi
Al-Samawal
Averroes
Avicenna
Hunayn ibn Ishaq
Ibn al-Banna'
Ibn al-Shatir
Ja'far ibn Muhammad Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi (Albumasar)
Jamshīd al-Kāshī
Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī
Muḥyi al-Dīn al-Maghribī
Maryam Mirzakhani
Mo'ayyeduddin Urdi
Muhammad Baqir Yazdi
Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, 13th century Persian mathematician and philosopher
Qāḍī Zāda al-Rūmī
Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī
Sharaf al-Dīn al-Tūsī
Taqi al-Din
Ulugh Beg
Lotfi Asker Zadeh, Iranian computer scientist; founder of Fuzzy Mathematics and fuzzy set theory[31][32]
Cumrun Vafa
Jeffrey Lang Professor at the University of Kansas converted to Islam from atheism


Biologists, Neuroscientists and Psychologists
Further information: Islamic psychological thought
Ibn Sirin (654–728), author of work on dreams and dream interpretation[33]
Al-Kindi (Alkindus), pioneer of psychotherapy and music therapy[34]
Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, pioneer of psychiatry, clinical psychiatry and clinical psychology[35]
Ahmed ibn Sahl al-Balkhi, pioneer of mental health,[36] medical psychology, cognitive psychology, cognitive therapy, psychophysiology and psychosomatic medicine[37]
Najab ud-din Muhammad, pioneer of mental disorder classification[38]
Al-Farabi (Alpharabius), pioneer of social psychology and consciousness studies[39]
Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi (Haly Abbas), pioneer of neuroanatomy, neurobiology and neurophysiology[39]
Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis), pioneer of neurosurgery[40]
Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen), founder of experimental psychology, psychophysics, phenomenology and visual perception[41]
Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, pioneer of reaction time[42]
Avicenna (Ibn Sina), pioneer of physiological psychology,[38] neuropsychiatry,[43] thought experiment, self-awareness and self-consciousness[44]
Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar), pioneer of neurology and neuropharmacology[40]
Averroes, pioneer of Parkinson's disease[40]
Ibn Tufail, pioneer of tabula rasa and nature versus nurture[45]
Teepu Siddique, neurologist and pioneer in neurogenetics and ALS.
Pardis Sabeti


Physicians and Surgeons
Main article: Muslim doctors
Further information: Islamic medicine
Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
Jafar al-Sadiq
Shapur ibn Sahl (d. 869), pioneer of pharmacy and pharmacopoeia[46]
Al-Kindi (Alkindus) (801-873), pioneer of pharmacology[47]
Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman) (810-887)
Al-Jahiz, pioneer of natural selection
Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, pioneer of medical encyclopedia[35]
Ahmed ibn Sahl al-Balkhi
Ishaq bin Ali al-Rahwi (854–931), pioneer of peer review and medical peer review[48]
Al-Farabi (Alpharabius)
Ibn Al-Jazzar (circa 898-980)
Abul Hasan al-Tabari - physician
Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari - physician
Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi (d. 994), pioneer of obstetrics and perinatology[49]
Abu Gaafar Amed ibn Ibrahim ibn abi Halid al-Gazzar (10th century), pioneer of dental restoration[50]
Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis) - father of modern surgery, and pioneer of neurosurgery,[40] craniotomy,[49] hematology[51] and dental surgery[52]
Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen), pioneer of eye surgery, visual system[53] and visual perception[54]
Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
Avicenna (Ibn Sina) (980-1037) - father of modern medicine,[55] founder of Unani medicine,[51] pioneer of experimental medicine, evidence-based medicine, pharmaceutical sciences, clinical pharmacology,[56] aromatherapy,[57] pulsology and sphygmology,[58] and also a philosopher
Ibn Miskawayh
Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar) - father of experimental surgery,[59] and pioneer of experimental anatomy, experimental physiology, human dissection, autopsy[60] and tracheotomy[61]
Ibn Bajjah (Avempace)
Ibn Tufail (Abubacer)
Averroes
Ibn al-Baitar
Ibn Jazla
Nasir al-Din Tusi
Ibn al-Nafis (1213-1288), father of circulatory physiology, pioneer of circulatory anatomy,[62] and founder of Nafisian anatomy, physiology,[63] pulsology and sphygmology[64]
Ibn al-Quff (1233-1305), pioneer of modern embryology[49]
Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī
Ibn Khatima (14th century), pioneer of bacteriology and microbiology[65]
Ibn al-Khatib (1313-1374)
Mansur ibn Ilyas
Saghir Akhtar - pharmacist
Toffy Musivand
Samuel Rahbar
Muhammad B. Yunus, the "father of our modern view of fibromyalgia"[66]
Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, pioneer of biomedical research in space[67][68]
Hulusi Behçet, known for the discovery of Behçet's disease
Ibrahim B. Syed - radiologist
Mehmet Öz, cardiothoracic surgeon


Physicists & Engineers
Further information: Islamic physics
Jafar al-Sadiq, 8th century
Banū Mūsā (Ben Mousa), 9th century
Ja'far Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
Ahmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
Al-Hasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman), 9th century
Thābit ibn Qurra (Thebit), 9th century
Al-Saghani, 10th century
Abū Sahl al-Qūhī (Kuhi), 10th century
Ibn Sahl, 10th century
Ibn Yunus, 10th century
Al-Karaji, 10th century
Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen), 11th century Iraqi scientist, father of optics,[69] pioneer of scientific method[70] and experimental physics,[71] considered the "first scientist"[72]
Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, 11th century, pioneer of experimental mechanics[73]
Avicenna, 11th century
Al-Khazini, 12th century
Ibn Bajjah (Avempace), 12th century
Hibat Allah Abu'l-Barakat al-Baghdaadi (Nathanel), 12th century
Averroes, 12th century Andalusian mathematician, philosopher and medical expert
Al-Jazari, 13th century civil engineer, father of robotics,[10] father of modern engineering[74]
Nasir al-Din Tusi, 13th century
Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi, 13th century
Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī, 13th century
Hasan al-Rammah, 13th century
Ibn al-Shatir, 14th century
Taqi al-Din, 16th century
Hezarfen Ahmet Celebi, 17th century
Lagari Hasan Çelebi, 17th century
Sake Dean Mahomet, 18th century
Tipu Sultan, 18th century Indian mechanician
Fazlur Khan, 20th century Bangladeshi mechanician
Mahmoud Hessaby, 20th century Iranian physicist
Ali Javan, 20th century Iranian physicist
Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie, 20th century Indonesian aerospace engineer and president
Abdul Kalam, Indian aeronautical engineer and nuclear scientist
Mehran Kardar, Iranian theoretical physicist
Cumrun Vafa, Iranian mathematical physicist
Nima Arkani-Hamed, American-born Iranian physicist
Abdel Nasser Tawfik, Egyptian-born German Particle Physisist
Munir Nayfeh Palestinian-American Particle Physicist
Abdus Salam, Pakistani theoretical physicist - Nobel Prize in Physics 1979
Riazuddin, Pakistani theoretical physicist
Abdul Qadeer Khan, Pakistani nuclear scientist
Munir Ahmad Khan, Pakistani nuclear engineer
Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani nuclear physicist


Political Scientists
Syed Qutb
Abul Ala Maududi
Hasan al-Turabi
Hassan al-Banna
Mohamed Hassanein Heikal
Shoaib ur Rehman Mughal


Other scientists and inventors
Azizul Haque
Prof Dr Mohammad Sharif Chattar
Dr Allama Iqbal

Skip Navigation Links
     English
     الصفحة الرئيسية
     السيرة الذاتية
     الجدول التدريسي
     المواد التدريسية
     الساعات المكتبية
     الاتصال بنا
     مواقع مفيدة
     Research Interest
     Behind computer science
     CSC-333: Computer Architecture
     CSC-361Artificial Intelligence
     CSC-342: Software Engineering
     IS-240: IS Analysis and Design
     CSC-330: Programming Paradigms
     Teaching & supervision
     Calendar
     Academic_Calendar: 2010-2011
     Computer Vocabulary
     Books List 4 Computer Science
     Academic Advising
     English Word Games
     Bit Converter